Carbon tax profile for Wisconsin (Duncan Clauson; previous version byYoram Bauman)

Wisconsin
1990
2007
% change 1990-2007
Fossil fuel CO2 emissions, in millions of metric tonnes[1]
86.1
104.4
+21.2%
Fossil fuel CO2 emissions, in millions of short tons[2]
95.0
115.1
+21.2%
Population, in millions[3]
4.9
5.6
+15.3%
Per capita CO2 emissions, in short tons
19.4
20.4
+5.2%

external image CO21990.pngPer capita emissions in Wisconsin in 2007 were slightly lower than the United States average, which was 21.98 short tons per capita.[4] This was probably because of the Point Beach Nuclear Power Plant as well as their Blue Sky Green Field program which will generate 145 MW of wind energy at full capacity[5] .

A carbon tax of $30 per short ton of CO2 (about $0.30 per gallon of gasoline, or about $0.03 per kWh of coal-fired power) would have raised about $2.8 billion in 2007 (about $489 per person), assuming a 20% reduction in emissions.


external image CO22007.png
For comparison purposes, in 2007 the state income tax generated about $6.6 billion, the state sales tax generated about $4.2 billion, and the state business tax ("corporation franchise and income") generated about $890 million.[6] So a carbon tax of $30 per short ton of CO2 could (assuming a 20% reduction in emissions) could have eliminated the state business tax and reduced the state sales tax rate by 45% [7] .

carbon emissions
  1. ^ From EPA, “State CO2 Emissions from fossil fuel combustion, 1990-2007”, linked from here.
  2. ^ 1 metric tonne equals 1.1023 short tons.
  3. ^ 2007 population from the U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-ann-est.html. 1990 population from U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/1990s/ST-99-02.txt
  4. ^ U.S. population of 301.6 million in 2007 from U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-ann-est.html. U.S. carbon emissions of 5.757 billion tonnes (or 6.346 billion short tons) of CO2 from EPA's 2010 U.S. Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report
  5. ^ http://www.pewclimate.org/companies_leading_the_way_belc/company_profiles/wisconsin_energy/wienergy_energysol.cfm
  6. ^ WI Carbon Tax minutes
  7. ^ http://www.doa.state.wi.us/subcategory.asp?linksubcatid=376&linkcatid=225&linkid=69&locid=3