Carbon tax profile for South Carolina ( Andrew Acker, previous version byBreanna Furlong)

South Carolina
% change 1990-2007
Fossil fuel CO2 emissions, in millions of metric tonnes[1]
Fossil fuel CO2 emissions, in millions of short tons[2]
Population, in millions[3]
Per capita CO2 emissions, in short tons

Per capita emissions in South Carolina in 2007 matched the U.S. average, which was 21.0 short tons per capita.[4] Per capita electricity consumption in South Carolina is among the highest in the United States, due to high industrial use, high demand for air-conditioning during the hot summer months, and the widespread use of electricity for home heating during the typically mild winter months. More than three-fifths of South Carolina households use electricity as their primary energy source for home heating.[5] . Much of that electricity comes from coal-fired power plants.[6]

A carbon tax of $30 per short ton of CO2 (about $0.30 per gallon of gasoline, or about $0.03 per kWh of coal-fired power) would have raised about $2.5 billion in 2007 (about $561 per person), assuming a 10% reduction in emissions.


For comparison purposes, in 2005 the state business tax generated about $399 million, the state sales tax generated about $2.9 billion, and the state portion of the income tax generated about $2.7 billion.[7] So a carbon tax of $30 per short ton of CO2 could (assuming a 20% reduction in emissions) have replaced the state portion of the business tax or could have replaced 79% of the state sales tax or could have replaced 93% of the state income tax.
carbon emissions

  1. ^ From EPA, “State CO2 Emissions from fossil fuel combustion, 1990-2007”, linked from here.
  2. ^ 1 metric tonne equals 1.1023 short tons.
  3. ^ 2007 population from the U.S. Census Bureau, 1990 population from U.S. Census Bureau,
  4. ^ U.S. population of 301.6 million in 2007 from U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. carbon emissions of 5.757 billion tonnes (or 6.346 billion short tons) of CO2 from EPA's 2010 U.S. Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report.
  5. ^ EIA state profile
  6. ^ The Post and Courier, "South Caroline has a Swelling Footprint",
  7. ^ The Strom Thurmond Institute of Government and Public Affairs, "South Carolina's Revenue Sources",