Carbon tax profile for South Carolina ( Andrew Acker, previous version byBreanna Furlong)

South Carolina
1990
2007
% change 1990-2007
Fossil fuel CO2 emissions, in millions of metric tonnes[1]
61.4
89.3
+46%
Fossil fuel CO2 emissions, in millions of short tons[2]
67.7
91.5
+35%
Population, in millions[3]
3.5
4.4
+26%
Per capita CO2 emissions, in short tons
19.4
20.8
+7%

Per capita emissions in South Carolina in 2007 matched the U.S. average, which was 21.0 short tons per capita.[4] Per capita electricity consumption in South Carolina is among the highest in the United States, due to high industrial use, high demand for air-conditioning during the hot summer months, and the widespread use of electricity for home heating during the typically mild winter months. More than three-fifths of South Carolina households use electricity as their primary energy source for home heating.[5] . Much of that electricity comes from coal-fired power plants.[6]

A carbon tax of $30 per short ton of CO2 (about $0.30 per gallon of gasoline, or about $0.03 per kWh of coal-fired power) would have raised about $2.5 billion in 2007 (about $561 per person), assuming a 10% reduction in emissions.


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For comparison purposes, in 2005 the state business tax generated about $399 million, the state sales tax generated about $2.9 billion, and the state portion of the income tax generated about $2.7 billion.[7] So a carbon tax of $30 per short ton of CO2 could (assuming a 20% reduction in emissions) have replaced the state portion of the business tax or could have replaced 79% of the state sales tax or could have replaced 93% of the state income tax.
carbon emissions

  1. ^ From EPA, “State CO2 Emissions from fossil fuel combustion, 1990-2007”, linked from here.
  2. ^ 1 metric tonne equals 1.1023 short tons.
  3. ^ 2007 population from the U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-ann-est.html. 1990 population from U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/1990s/ST-99-02.txt.
  4. ^ U.S. population of 301.6 million in 2007 from U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-ann-est.html. U.S. carbon emissions of 5.757 billion tonnes (or 6.346 billion short tons) of CO2 from EPA's 2010 U.S. Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report.
  5. ^ EIA state profile
  6. ^ The Post and Courier, "South Caroline has a Swelling Footprint", http://glennschool.osu.edu/news/sc/S.C.%20has%20swelling%20carbon%20footprint%20The%20Post%20and%20Courier%20-%20Charleston%20SC%20newspaper.html.
  7. ^ The Strom Thurmond Institute of Government and Public Affairs, "South Carolina's Revenue Sources", http://www.strom.clemson.edu/teams/ced/revenue/sources.pdf.