Carbon tax profile for Kansas (previous version only a partial effort by Yoram Bauman)





1990
2005
% change 1990-2005
Fossil fuel CO2 emissions in millions of metric tons [1]
69.6
72.4
+4%
In millions of short tons [2]
76.7
79.8
+4%
Population in millions [3]
2.47
2.74
+11%
Per capita CO2 emissions in short tons
31.1
29.1
-6.4%

Per capita emissions in Kansas in 2005 were considerably higher than the U.S. average, which was 21.4 short tons per capita [4]. "Coal-fired power plants supply about three-fourths of the Kansas electricity market, and the single-unit Wolf Creek nuclear plant in Burlington supplies almost all of the remainder. Kansas has two small coal mines in the east. Almost all of the coal used in Kansas’s power plants is shipped by railcar from other States, and over four-fifths of this coal comes from Wyoming. Kansas produces a substantial amount of wind energy, ranking among the top ten wind-producing States in the Nation. However, total renewable energy production contributes only minimally to Kansas’s electricity supply, providing less than 3 percent of the State’s total electricity production. Less than one-fifth of Kansas households rely on electricity as their primary energy source for home heating. In May 2009, Kansas adopted a renewable portfolio standard that requires utilities to acquire one-tenth of their energy from renewable sources by 2011 and one-fifth by 2020." [5]

A carbon tax of $30 per short ton of CO2 (about $0.30 per gallon of gasoline, or about $0.03 per kWh of coal-fired power) would have raised about $1.9 billion in 2005 (about $700 per person), assuming a 20% reduction in emissions.

For comparison purposes, in 2005 the state portion of the property tax generated about XXXXXXX billion, the state B&O (business) tax generated about $2.8??? billion, and the state sales tax generated about $6.6??? billion [6]. So a carbon tax of $30 per short ton of CO2 could (assuming a 20% reduction in emissions) have replaced the state portion of the property tax or could have replaced 82% of the state B&O tax or could have replaced 35% of the state sales tax.

[The paragraphs above contain the basic information, but you are welcome to add other material as you see fit; for Washington State, for example, there's a bunch of additional information at <http://carbonwa.wikispaces.com/>. You are not required to add this sort of additional information, but if you find something interesting I encourage you to write about it!]


[1] EPA, “State CO2 Emissions from fossil fuel combustion, 1990-2005”, linked from http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/state_energyco2inv.html.

[2] Use Google to figure out how to convert metric tons to short tons.

[3] 2005 population from the U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/popest/datasets.html. (You need to download a CSV file and open it in Microsoft Excel; you might have an easier time finding 2005 population figures from Google or elsewhere.) 1990 population from U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/1990s/ST-99-02.txt.

[4] U.S. population of 295.6 million in 2005 from U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-ann-est.html. U.S. carbon emissions of 6.317 billion tons of CO2 from EPA, http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/usgginventory.html.

[5] See state profiles from the EIA, http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/state/index.cfm.

[6] Dept of Revenue Annual Statistical Report for fiscal year ending June 30, 2005.