Carbon tax profile for Arkansas (Cecily Stokes-Prindle 2005)

% change 1990-2005
Fossil fuel CO2 emissions in millions of metric tons [1]
In millions of short tons
Population in millions [2]
Per capita CO2 emissions in short tons

Per capita emissions in Arkansas in 2005 were considerably higher than the U.S. average, which was 21.4 short tons per capita [3]. This is due in part to an energy-intensive industrial sector [4].

A carbon tax of $30 per short ton of CO2 (about $0.30 per gallon of gasoline, or about $0.03 per kWh of coal-fired power) would have raised about $2.5 billion in 2005 (about $920 per person), assuming a 20% reduction in emissions.

For comparison purposes, in 2005 the state income tax generated about $2.2 billion and the state sales tax generated about $2.4 billion [5]. So a carbon tax of $30 per short ton of CO2 could (assuming a 20% reduction in emissions) have replaced the state income tax or the state sales tax.

carbon emissions

[1] EPA, “State CO2 Emissions from fossil fuel combustion, 1990-2005”, linked from

[2] 2005 population from the U.S. Census Bureau, (You need to download a CSV file and open it in Microsoft Excel; you might have an easier time finding 2005 population figures from Google or elsewhere.) 1990 population from U.S. Census Bureau,

[3] U.S. population of 295.6 million in 2005 from U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. carbon emissions of 6.317 billion tons of CO2 from EPA,

[4] See state profiles from the EIA,